Aluminum's reputation heavily leans on its adaptability, lightness, low cost, simplicity in machining, and non-toxicity. Aluminum may be used as a basic element in industrial aluminum extrusion operations and is referred to as the "industrial aluminum profile."
Throughout the extrusion processes, the materials are melted and pressed into a specific die with the necessary cross-section form to create the selected aluminum bar. Normally the aluminum profile varies the final product's operational and structural characteristics.
What characteristics then differentiate one aluminum profile from others? These eight aspects and variables are chosen to highlight the contrasts.
The capacity of the aluminum profile to endure pressure, abrasion, and friction resulting from using the item as it was designed to be used daily alludes to strength or resilience. Additionally, it relates to the component's resistance to stress and thermal treatments. Its tensile nature is the utmost stretch or tugging that a profile can withstand without irreversibly changing its physical characteristics.
Generally, the thermally-treated alloy classes of 2024 or 7075 tend t to be stronger than pure aluminum 1100 pure profiles, which have the smallest durability. On the other hand, the 5052 and 6061 offer moderate to exceptional physical strength.
The chemical makeup of the aluminum profile depends on hardness, which is distinct from the profile's strength. The condition of the aluminum profile also has a significant impact on how hard the profile is.
In decreasing sequence, its hard index goes through series seven down to 2,4,6,5,3, and 1, respectively.
The aluminum profile's capacity to survive the chemical alterations to its constitution brought on by contact with chemicals and oxidation settings is referred to as corrosion resilience. For instance, the one series has the best protection against rusting and oxidation. Then follows the 5th series, and the 3rd, 6th, and 2nd, respectively.
To put it another way, 1100, 5052, and 6061 profiles have better mechanical qualities. The 3003 and 6063 series are notable for higher rust resistance, while the 2nd series is typically subpar.
How quickly an aluminum profile can be welded is referred to as weldability. Usually, aluminum profiles are typically exceptionally weldable materials. But the profiles of the alloy series 2024, 7075, or 2011 are substandard. But, the weldability of profiles 3003 and 1100 is outstanding. Also, The 5th series of aluminum profiles were made with welding in mind.
The ease with which an aluminum profile may be formed and machined is referred to as machinability. It occasionally includes cutting, shaping, and rolling. Generally, thermal treatment or annealing usually impacts the machinability of every aluminum profile.
Thermal-treated aluminum components are more difficult to manufacture than annealed ones, which are relatively machinable or malleable. You should consider the 1100 series or the 3003 and 6061 series when you need a profile that can be machined.
To get the appropriate feel, appearance, and finish, aluminum profiles can be encased, lacquered, refined, and other processes. The aluminum profile may require certain chemical and physical modifications to meet performance requirements, hinging on how the end product will be designed and ecological conditions where the component will be used.
The surface needs to be anodized and coated when the industrial aluminum profile is used in decoration or on special occasions. Its decorative nature should be considered to obtain the appropriate color and surface tissue. In general, good corrosion resistance materials, their anode treatment performance, surface treatment performance, and coating performance are very good.
According to study and experience, certain sectors benefit more from specific aluminum profiles than others. Examples include the widespread usage of the 2011 or 1100 profiles involved in the usual machining and aluminum spinning and the utilization of 2024 in the aircraft and 7075 metal rolling sectors, respectively.
Whereas 5052 alloys are employed in naval fabrications, aluminum alloys 3003 or 3003 are frequently used for food processing and chemical appliances. On the other hand, the finest alloys for mechanical and design purposes are 6063 or 6061.
Consider the related variables while selecting the design of industrial aluminum profiles. What are the determinants? Every piece's specs come with a certain level of assurance. You need to consider these issues and look into them as each occasion following usage can only be simpler in agreement with such demarcation.
Choose the appropriate profile depending on the pressure involved in the field of work. Pure aluminum has an extremely low tensile strength compared to the superior thermal-treated profiles within the second and seventh series. The profile’s strength and toughness are somewhat correlated. Select the appropriate alloy for the right stress.
Pure aluminum has an extremely weak strength compared to thermally-treated alloys from the second and seventh series. Surprisingly, this still correlates to hardness.
Aluminum should be treated using techniques like anodizing and coating to get the desired color and basic framework if it is employed for decorating or other special occasions. Aluminum's aesthetic qualities have to be taken into account at this time. Its statistics on rust endurance, anode touch, conventional feeling, and coating functions are all highly noticeable.
The best course of action is to purchase one again because the flattening gear ensures straightness, but this may be more expensive than the profile you manufacture. Hot melting and extruding aluminum in various cross-sectional forms may produce industrial aluminum profiles. However, variable alloy addition amounts also result in various structural qualities and potential application areas for industrial aluminum profiles. Application fields are used to separate industrial aluminum profiles. Except those used for constructing gates, sliding or casement windows, wall panels, interior, outdoor decor, and architectural structures, all aluminum profiles are referred to as industrial aluminum profiles. Specialists in industrial aluminum profiles deep production equipment are attempting to save money by using this difficult route.
It is clear from the above overview that while choosing industrial aluminum variations, consider the elements mentioned above to ensure seamless usage of industrial aluminum. As a result, this factor has to be taken into consideration. The molten extrusions may obtain aluminum profiles with a variety of cross-sectional forms. However, adding industrial aluminum profiles have variable mechanical qualities and application areas according to the alloy ratio. Thus consideration needs to be given to each of the points above.
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